Law, Politics and Society in Republican China

DATE: September 21-22, 2012

PLACE: 2223 Fulton Street, 6th Floor

CONVENERS: Chaoguang Wang, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
Jin Yilin, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
Wen-hsin Yeh, University of California, Berkeley

SPONSORS: Institute of East Asian Studies and Chinese Academy of Social Sciences



Increasingly, issues of governance and state effectiveness are taking precedence over those concerning the seizure of power and the legitimacy of the state. Interactions between state and society are taking historical center stage, displacing old preoccupations with the social basis of political regimes and the class nature of power.

An emerging focus of recent Chinese scholarship concerns the use of law in politics and society. With the recent publication of the 16-volume Zhonghua minguo shi (History of the Republic of China), a rich empirical account of the major political events centering upon the regimes of the pre-1949 period, a major reference work has enriched the field.

At this conference, the chief editors of this work, Wang Chaoguang and Jin Yilin, together with other scholars from China, the U.S., and Europe, share recent Chinese and Western scholarship on Republican Chinese law, presenting work from both sides in comparative perspective.



All sessions are free and open to the public.


Wen-hsin Yeh, UC Berkeley
Wang Chaoguang, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

3:10–5:30: SESSION I
Wang Chaoguang, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (Chair)

San-min Doctrine and the Early Legislation of the Nanjing Government
He Yuan, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Glenn Tiffert, UC Berkeley

Writing and Rewriting Election Laws in the Republic of China, 1912-1949
Joshua Hill, UC Berkeley

Li Zaiquan, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Unacceptable but indispensable: Opium and its regulations in Canton, 1912-1936
Xavier Paules, Centre d’Etudes sur la Chine moderne et contemporaine

Du Lihong, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

4:40–4:50: Break

4:50–5:30: Discussion

5:30: Adjourn

6:00: Dinner


10:00–12:10: SESSION II
Jin Yilin, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (Chair)

Between the Law and the Society: The Food Sanitary Administration in Peking 1909-1937
Du Lihong, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Glenn Tiffert, UC Berkeley

Means with Legality vs. Means without Legality: On the “Radicalization” of the CCP’s Land Reform in Late 1940s, Northern China
Li Lifeng, Nanjing University

Margherita Zanasi, Louisiana State University

Ideology and the Law in Nationalist China: The Case of the New Life Movement
Margherita Zanasi, Louisiana State University

He Yuan, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

11:30–12:10: Discussion

12:10–1:00: Lunch

1:00–3:10: SESSION III
Wen-hsin Yeh, UC Berkeley (Chair)

The Development of Party Rule in the Judicial Field: Personnel Changes and Political Turning of the Nanjing National Government’s Judicial Pivot, 1927-1937
Li Zaiquan, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Xavier Paules, Centre d’Etudes sur la Chine moderne et contemporaine

Morality and Law in the New Life Movement
Liu Wennan, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Joshua Hill, UC Berkeley

An Irresistible Inheritance: Republican Judicial Modernization and its Legacies to the PRC
Glenn Tiffert, UC Berkeley

Li Lifeng, Nanjing University

2:30–3:10: Discussion

3:10–3:20: Break

3:20–4:20: ROUNDTABLE
Contemporary Relevance of the Republican Legal Legacy

Alex Cook, UC Berkeley (Chair)
Wen-hsin Yeh, UC Berkeley
Wang Chaoguang, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
Jin Yilin, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences


Wen-hsin Yeh, UC Berkeley
Wang Chaoguang, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

5:30: Adjourn

6:00: Dinner

Click here to download a copy of the conference agenda. Updated September 21, 2012.





DU Lihong
Institute of Modern History, CASS
The Administration by Law: A Study of the Regulations of Food Safety in Pekingduring the Republic of China

This paper studies how the Peking Municipality administrated food safety issues via legal codes from 1911 to 1937. The project studies the roles played by the Rule of Law during the historical process of Chinese modernization and urbanization. Peking Municipality experienced a huge change from the old military administrative system to a civil system of public administration. A study of the Peking's food safety regulation provides pertinent cases to analyze the transformation process.

This article includes three parts. The first part will discuss the origins of the food safety law in Peking. By the end of the Qing Dynasty, foreign law were translated into Chinese and integrated into existing law. The Capital Police Department announced administrative law on food safety in 1907. After the Republic of China was founded, the municipal government successively took the regulations on food safety as its responsibility and enacted related law. Since 1928, the Health Department was setup, in charge of professional sanitary administration. The contents of the food safety law became more detailed and technicalized.

The second part will describe the administrative jurisdiction of food safety. The structure of the Peking municipal government defined the implementation of food safety law. The food safety was a new concept to most Chinese and to the government. The food safety was closely related to scientific knowledge, especially that of medical science. It was a responsibility of the government to build up specialized experimental institutions and to train professionals. In this part, I try to answer the following questions: 1. Which department had the power to regulate the food safety? 2. How did they train officials with the specific knowledge and techniques required for food safety administration? 3. What was the executive procedure of food safety law?

The last part will analyze the practice of food safety regulations. The implementation of the regulations was related to not only people's daily life, but also the internal conflicts between the public and private interests. Moreover, it means that the state power got involved in the business of the traditional guilds and menaced their interests. There are two examples discussed in this part: One is the epidemic disease of cholera and the food safety regulation; the other example is the regulations on slaughter house. This part explains how the political consents were shaped between these guilds and the municipality. The two cases will demonstrate how food safety law was practiced and why the food safety administration was inefficient in the Republic of China.







HE Yuan
Institute of Modern History, CASS
On "The Three People's Principles as Legislative Principles"

Upon the establishment of Nanjing National Government, under the charge of one of the early leaders of the Kuomintang(or the Chinese National Party), Hu Hanmin, who was well versed in the subject of law, the new government adopted the Three People's Principles as its legislative principles.

The legislative principles, according to Hu Hanmin, come down to three. (1) "The principle of balancing political powers," that is, the aim of legislation is not so much at guaranteeing individuals' rights than guaranteeing society's proper functioning. The essence of this principle is to use "societal principle" to replace Western's "principle of individual's rights." (2) "The principle that separates rights and executive powers," according to which (in its ideal form) "the government has executive powers whereas the people have the rights." However, since the new government was currently under its political tutelage by the Kuomintang, "Party Rules the Country" practice was provisionally adopted, in which people's power (or government by the people) and executive power were both represented by the Party. (3) "The principle of rights and obligations," according to which, since individuals' lives, properties, and interests are an integral part of the society's life, properties, and interests, they are not to be at individuals' disposal. Society's approval of individuals' right is in proportion to the degree in which individuals fulfill their obligations to the society. These three legislative principles completely rejected the Western legislative principles which are founded on individual rights. The gist of the above three legislative principles clearly focuses on society as a whole than on individuals.

Hu Hanmin argued that "Three People's Principles as Legislative Principles" can avoid the problems in capitalist, individualism. He divided the establishment of the Republic of China into three stages. The Republic of China has constitutional government as its final aim. The current Kuomintang's political tutelage will eventually "return its rule to the people." The government of the Republic of China will be different from both Soviet-Russian totalitarianism and Fascism. "The Three People's Principles as Legislative Principles" are applicable currently to Kuomintang's political tutelage as well as to the future constitutional government.

The proposal of "The Three People's Principles as Legislative Principles" reflects Kuomintang's efforts in avoiding directly copying from existing Western capitalistic legislative principles and in seeking legislative principles suitable to China's reality.

I argue that there are some discrepancies between Hu Hanmin's "Three People's Principles as Legislative Principles" and Sun Yat-sen's thoughts .The discrepancies may have been caused by Hu's misunderstanding of the then popular legislative principles (systems) in the world.Kuomintang's political tutelary practice in the new government, which stresses the legislative principle of society standard, essentially means the deprivation of people's rights. It is doubtful that such a regime can establish a constitutional government.

Joshua HILL
The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University
"Writing and Rewriting Election Laws in the Republic of China, 1912-1949"

Voting was a common political activity throughout the Republican era, but the laws that governed it changed greatly during the period 1912-1949. My paper examines the transition from the early Republic's system of indirect, limited franchise elections to the direct, mass suffrage elections held by various governments from the 1920s onward. This transformation of election law was both a reaction to the perceived failures of the early Republic's electoral system and an attempt to incorporate elements of a post-World War One European discourse on voting into the Republic of China's own political system. As such, it represented Chinese participation in a global re-imagining of the purpose and methods of voting during the interwar period. Although these new ideas would later form the basis of the post-1927 Nationalist government's electoral system, they were first manifested in the tentative and largely abortive electoral experiments conducted as part of the provincial autonomy movement in the early 1920s. As such, the indigenization of a legal infrastructure for mass suffrage, direct elections in China was one of the signal, if often unrecognized, legacies of the provincial autonomy movement.



LI Lifeng
School of Government, Nanjing University
The Discourse and Practice of "Rule by Law" in Chinese Communist Land Reform

After the Anti-Japanese War, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and regimes of the liberated areas worked out a large number of guidelines, laws, regulations, commands, and resolutions. These legal documents and their implementations, interacting with the land reform movement swept across the liberated areas, played an active role in the CCP's successful mobilization of the rural masses, achievement of political leverage, and eventual victory of the civil war. Focusing on North China from 1945 to 1949, this paper explores the judicial organs, the mediation system, and the judicial practices related to crime, land distribution, and marriage in the liberated areas, so as shed light on the operation of the CCP's revolutionary legal tradition. The formulation of various legal documents and the establishment of judicial system revealed the CCP's resolution to break with the Kuomintung (KMT)'s "reactive legal system" and to set up its own brand-new "people's legal system" or "revolutionary legal system". On the other hand, it also reflected the CCP's exigent need to seek order amidst the turbulent civil war and to realize effective governance of the liberated areas. Furthermore, due to the theoretic restrictions and the practical pressures of class struggle, mass line, and military mobilization, the legislature and judicatory of the CCP were not likely to follow such liberal and formal western legal traditions as judicial independence, procedure justice, etc.. By contrast, the law of the CCP must serve revolutionary struggle (e.g. definition of the crime of counter-revolution and special protection of soldiers' marriage), serve the masses (e.g. legislation of the land reform and establishment of the people's tribunal), and serve public governance (e.g. foundation of the mediation system). The CCP's legislative and judicial practice during the land reform, therefore, were not an attempt of "rule of law" which took law as a fundamental principle of state governance, but a discourse of "rule by law" which utilized law for efficient mobilization and governance.

党治在司法领域的推演:1927-1937 年南京政府司法中枢的人事嬗变与政治转向


LI Zaiquan
Institute of Modern History, CASS
The Development of Party Rule in the Judicial Field: Personnel Changes and Political Turnning of the Nanjing National Government's Judicial Pivot, 1927-1937

After the establishment of the Nanjing National government in 1927, the Kuomintang gradually founded a national regime and started to practice the principle of "governing the nation by party". But implementations of party rule were neither prevailing nor simultaneous. When the National Government initiated, the judicial branch stemmed from former Beiyang group who generally pursued the concept of "judicial independence" and "beyond party politics" which had been formed in the Beiyang period. In 1932, as Ju Zheng became head of the Department of Justice, the founding members of Kuomintang began to enter the judicial pivot to replace the old Beiyang group, and the personnel change was completed around 1935. Meanwhile, with the stimulation of national crisis and in consideration of the judicial status quo didn't satisfy its political requirement, Kuomintang emphasized the political nature of the judiciary, and advocated the judicial party-rule. Thereupon, the Kuomintang members began to obtain the de facto control of the judicial center place after the set up of the Nanjing National Government for about eight years, which means the finishment of the judicial practice development from the Beiyang era to the Kuomintang's party rule. Nevertheless, during the following years, it failed to permeate, dominate and integrate the middle and lower levels of judicial system, among which the judicial concepts and personnel structure still retained the grumous Beiyang legacy.


1934年2月蒋介石在南昌发起的新生活运动虽然以恢复中国固有的“礼义廉耻”道德为纲领,但具体实践的措施却首先强调个人生活的“规矩”和“清洁”。本文试图探讨新生活运动以国家主导的道德宣传和公权力直接干预的方式使个人生活“规矩清洁”,是建立在怎样的法律和道德基础上。以往对新生活运动的研究往往强调其道德改良的一面,但仅就运动初期的“规矩清洁”要求而言,不仅具有道德色彩,甚至还可以说已经有法律的基础。晚清和民初就有《违警条例》的颁布实施,其中就有对个人需在公共场所保持清洁秩序的规定。1928年南京国民政府又模仿英国的Nuisances Removal Act制订了《污物扫除法》,也有条款规范个人生活以保障城市公共卫生。然而在新生活运动的推行过程中,从未诉诸这类已有的法律条文。尽管汪精卫希望将新生活运动引入法治轨道,但蒋介石还是决定将其作为国家主导的全民道德动员,把对个人生活的“规矩清洁”理解为民族精神的有机组成部分,并以此为民族复兴的开端。文章将根据北京、上海、南京市档案馆1934-1937年间的市政档案和新生活运动档案,考察在新生活运动推行“规矩清洁”的过程中,法律惩诫和道德教化到底处于怎样的互动关系中。由此探讨新生活运动这样由国家公权力干涉个人生活的道德改良运动,权力运用的合法性何在,有效实施的途径又何在。

LIU Wennan
Institute of Modern History, CASS
Morality and Law in the New Life Movement

In February 1934, Chiang Kai-shek launched the New Life Movement in Nanchang. Although this movement set a high aim to revive the cardinal virtues of “etiquette, loyalty, integrity, and conscientiousness” in the Chinese tradition, its concrete implementation focusing on the “orderliness” and “cleanliness” of people's daily lives revealed its nature as a disciplinary campaign to produce “docile bodies” in the Foucauldian sense. This paper intends to examine the legal and moral foundations on which the New Life Movement directly utilized the state power to discipline people's everyday conduct. Based on the discourse of “rule of law,” Wang Jingwei, the civil national leader then, intended to restrict Chiang's use of state power in the movement. To respond to Wang's challenge, Chiang Kai-shek assigned the role of moral suasion, instead of coercive discipline, to government agents in the implementation of the movement, while integrating the movement into the government routine at the same time. Contemporary commentators agreed that the New Life Movement could benefit the rule of law and maintain the social order with its moral power, though they disagreed with how deeply the state should involved in this movement. The comparison between the New Life directives and the existing laws and regulations shows that the New Life Movement created an arena of state control independent from rule of law. Founded on the promise of the rule of morality and the ideal of tutelage government, this arena indeed embodied the ambition of a police state that disciplined people with counter-law.

Centre d'études sur la Chine moderne et contemporaine, CNRS
"Unacceptable but indispensable: Opium and its regulations in Canton, 1912-1936"

The Cantonese authorities were facing a dilemma regarding opium during most of the Republican period. On one hand this substance was considered the symbol of China's weakness and backwardness and its suppression a top priority. But on the other hand, opium taxes represented an indispensable source of fiscal income.

This paper will explore the various ways authorities tried to overcome that dilemma. Ignoring opium altogether and publishing no regulations concerning it was one option. Another possibility was hypocrisy, id est to publish prohibition laws but not enforce them. The third option became dominant after 1924: the authorities openly ruled an opium monopoly but tried their best to come out with "acceptable" opium regulations.

The paper will also pay special attention to the differences of the legislation regarding opium between Nanking and Chen Jitang regime in the mid-1930s. The strategy of the Nanking regime was to use the Six Years Plan (1934-1940) to delegitimize Chen Jitang and to force him to take effective steps towards a prohibition.

UC Berkeley
"An Irresistible Inheritance: Republican Judicial Modernization and its Legacies to the PRC"

Guided by polarized representations of the revolution, commentators in both China and abroad have long treated the republican and PRC judicial systems in near hermetic isolation from one another. Yet it is impossible to grasp fully the history of the PRC judicial system independent of its republican heritage, and to decouple the two is therefore to foreclose critical avenues of understanding.

As a step towards repairing that rupture, this paper specifies the configurations and distributions of courts, and the discourses of judicial malaise and reform the republican period deposited on the doorstep of the PRC. It establishes the necessary empirical foundation from which to appreciate the institutional deficits and imbalances, developmental dilemmas, and normative discourses that confronted CCP judicial planners in 1949, and equips one to understand their responses not just through the lens of ideology, but also as reasoned responses to concrete, practical problems. Additionally, it throws light on how historiographical memory of the republican judicial system now serves as a repository of value from which to shape, assess and comprehend law's fate in the PRC.


在对革命的两极化表达的影响下,中外的评论者都长久地把民国时期的司法制度和 人民共和国的作为互相隔绝. 但是在实际上,人民共和国司法制度的沿革,与它的 民国遗产是分不开的。 如果忽略后者就不能充足地了解前者。

作为阐述这个密切关系的初步步骤,这篇文章讲解民国晚年的法院组织体系与分布, 及司法顽症与改革的话语。本文以实证为根据,分析中共在1949年面对何种司法缺 陷与差距,发展窘境,及规范论述,以便不但以革命思想式看待建国时期的 司法建设的政策,而且把它作为对疑难问题的理性反应。此外,本文也揭开 民国司法的历史记忆如何为影响,评估,与领悟法律在人民共和国的前途与 命运的标准。

Margherita ZANASI
Louisiana State University
"Ideology and the Law in Nationalist China: The Case of the New Life Movement"

In this paper I will explore the complex relationship between party ideology and state laws within the context of Nationalist China's one-party system. More specifically, I will investigate how party-centered political movements (運動) and state laws (法律) interacted and complemented each other, on the one hand, and, on the other, generated ideological tension. As a way of examining this dynamic, I will focus on the New Life Movement (新生活運動), launched in February 1934 by the Nationalist Party. First, I will explore the state legislation and party regulations related to the Movement. I will focus in particular on the creation of semi-governmental organizations, such as the New Life Promotional Association, as well as regulations designed to support police enforcement at local level where the Movement often resulted in efforts to build a fascist-style conscription society. Second, I will explore the debate on the importance of the supposed "natural" laws intrinsic to Chinese civilization—namely, the four principles that lay at the foundation of The New Life Movement: Li, Yi, Lian, and Chi (礼义廉耻, Propriety/Rites, Justice, Integrity and Honor). These natural laws, linked to party ideology, were often presented as the foundation of a well-ordered society, thus placing state laws in a subordinate position.

The New Life Movement, therefore, struck a precarious balance between party ideology and state laws as well as between revisited traditional concepts of rites and social order and a newly emerging discourse on legality influenced by Western notions of law. This study will also contribute to our understanding of notions of legality in one-party systems in the People's Republic of China and worldwide. It will also interrogate Western scholarly approaches to legal modernization.



DU LIHONGInstitute of Modern History, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Du Lihong, associate professor of the Institute of Modern History, Chinese Academy of Social Science. She received her PH.D on modern Chinese history from Graduate School of CASS. Her study mainly focus on social history of modern China, now on the project that "The Construction of Peking Public Health Administration and Social Transformation," which examines how the public health administrative system was constructed in Peking during the urban medical modernization process and how it influenced the social transformation from the end of the Qing Dynasty to the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949. She was once visiting scholar to Johns Hopkins University of America.

HE YUANInstitute of Modern History, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

He Yuan, professor of the Institute of Modern History, Chinese Academy of Social Science. She received her PH.D on CCP history from Renmin University of China(Beijing), and mainly focus her study on the history of the Republic of China, especially on the thought of Sun Yet-sun. She published the book Sanmin Doctrine and the Politics of China (Beijing: Social Science Document Publishing House, 1995), Study on the New Life Groups (Beijing: Social Science Document Publishing House, 2010)

JOSHUA HILLThe Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University

Joshua Benjamin Hill received his Ph.D. from Harvard University and his undergraduate degree from Yale University. Hill specializes in the history of modern China with a specific interest in twentieth century political history. He has taught at Harvard University and Tufts University, and is currently a Visiting Scholar at the Center for Chinese Studies. His dissertation, "Voting as a Rite: Changing Ideas of Elections in Early Twentieth Century China," explored the political, cultural, and intellectual consequences of popular elections on mainland China from the last years of the Qing dynasty to the early days of the Communist era.

WILLIAM C. KIRBYHarvard University

William C. Kirby is the T. M. Chang Professor of China Studies at Harvard University and Spangler Family Professor of Business Administration at the Harvard Business School. He is director of the Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies and chairman of the Harvard China Fund. A historian of modern China, Professor Kirby's work examines China's business, economic, and political development in an international context. He has written on the evolution of modern Chinese business (state-owned and private), Chinese corporate law and company structure, the history of freedom in China, the international socialist economy of the 1950s, relations across the Taiwan Strait, and China's relations with Europe and America. His current projects include case studies of contemporary Chinese businesses and a comparative study of higher education in China, Europe, and the United States.

LI LIFENGSchool of Government, Nanjing University

Li Lifeng, professor of School of Government, Nanjing University. He received his Ph. D. in modern Chinese history from Nanjing University. His research covers Chinese political history, government and politics in contemporary China, and political theory.He has published The Revolutionary Party and the Rural Society (Nanjing: Jiangsu People's Publishing House, 2011) and about thirty journal papers, among which are "From Event History to Event Approach", "Rational Man in Mass Movement", "The Horizon and Methods of New Political History", etc. He is also the Chinese translator of Awakening China by John Fitzgerald, Political Philosophy by David Miller, and History by John Arnold.

LI ZAIQUANInstitute of Modern History, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Li Zaiquan, associate professor of the Institute of Modern History, Chinese Academy of Social Science. He received his PH.D on modern Chinese History from Beijing Normal University and then work in the Institute mainly on the history of the Republic of China, especially on the legal system of that time. He just published his book Law Rule and Party Rule: Judicial System under the Party Rule of the KMT Regime (Beijing: Social Science Document Publishing House, 2011).

LIU WENNANInstitute of Modern History, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Liu Wennan, assistant professor of the Institute of Modern History, Chinese Academy of Social Science. She received her Ph.D. at University of California, Berkeley, then, she work in the Institute as editor of the Journal of Modern Chinese History, a international joint published academic magazine. Her research interest lies in the governance of everyday life in modern China.

XAVIER PAULESCentre d'études sur la Chine moderne et contemporaine, CNRS

Xavier Paulès received his PhD in Modern Chinese History at Lyon 2 University, France, in 2005. He has been Associate Professor at École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (Paris) since March 2010. His work has mainly been on Republican period opium, with a special focus on the consumption side. He has published many articles about opium and two books: Histoire d'une drogue en sursis. L'opium à Canton 1906-1936 [A drug in decline. Opium in Canton, 1906-1936] (Paris: éditions de l'EHESS, 2010, 333 pages) and L'opium, une passion chinoise, 1750-1950 [Opium, a Chinese Passion, 1750-1950] (Paris: Payot, 2011, 318 pages). His current research interests include the story of gambling, fantan in particular.


Glenn D. Tiffert is a doctoral candidate in History at the University of California, Berkeley. His doctoral dissertation historicizes PRC legal reform initiatives between 1949 and 1957 against the backdrop of local legal culture, modernization, and mid-century trends in Chinese social and intellectual history. His research interests focus on the PRC, and on the post-imperial Chinese legal system.

WANG CHAOGUANGInstitute of Modern History, Chinese Academy of Social Science

Wang Chaoguang, professor and vice director of the Institute of Modern History, Chinese Academy of Social Science. He received his PH.D on modern Chinese history from Fudan University (Shanghai), and research mainly on the history of the Republic of China, with a special focus on the Beiyang period (1912-1924) and the civil war period (1945-49). He is the author of The History of the Republic of China, vols. 4 and 11 (Beijing: Zhonghua Book House, 2011), The General History of Modern China, vols. 6 and 10 (Nanjing: Jiangsu People's Publishing House, 2006), 1945-1949: Rivalry of KMT-CCP and the Fate of China (Beijing: Social Science Document Publishing House, 2010) and lots of papers on the relative subjects in Historical Studies, Modern Historical Studies, The Journal of Modern Chinese History and so on. He was once visiting scholar to Columbia University and Stanford University of America, Bergen University of Norway, Kyoto University and Chuo University of Japan, Silla University of South Korea, Academia Sinica of Taiwan.

WEN-HSIN YEHWalter and Elise Haas Chair Professor in Asian Studies; Richard H. and Laurie C. Morrison Chair in History; Director, Institute of East Asian Studies, UC Berkeley

Wen-hsin Yeh is Walter and Elise Haas Chair Professor in Asian Studies and Richard H. and Laurie C. Morrison Chair in History. She is also an Honorary Professor of History at Peking University. She has served as Director of the Institute of East Asian Studies since January 2007. A leading authority on 20th century Chinese history, Yeh is author or editor of eleven books and numerous articles examining aspects of Republican history, Chinese modernity, the origins of communism and related subjects. Her work has been supported by numerous prestigious extramural and UC awards, including an ACLS Senior Scholar Fellowship, a Freeman Foundation grant, a multi-year Chiang Ching-kuo Senior Scholar Research Fellowship, as well as the UC President's Humanities Research Fellowship. Her books include the Berkeley Prize-winning Provincial Passages: Culture, Space, and the Origins of Chinese Communism (University of California Press, 1996) and The Alienated Academy: Culture and Politics in Republican China, 1919-1937 (Harvard University, 1990). Her most recent publication, Shanghai Splendor (University of California Press, 2007) is an urban history of Shanghai that considers the nature of Chinese capitalism and middle-class society in a century of contestation between colonial power and nationalistic mobilization.

JIN YILINInstitute of Modern History, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Jin Yilin, professor and vice director of the Institute of Modern History, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. He received his PH.D on modern Chinese history from National University of Singapore, and study mainly on the history of the Republic of China especially on the history of the KMT. His books include The Study on Universities of Modern China (Beijing: Central Document Publishing House, 2000), Factional Politics in the High Level of the KMT (Beijing: Social Science Document Publishing House, 2009). He was once visiting scholar to Silla University of South Korea, Academia Sinica and National Chengchi University of Taiwan.

MARGHERITA ZANASILouisiana State University

Margherita Zanasi is an Associate Professor of History at Louisiana State University. She received her M.A. and Ph.D. in History from Columbia University's History Department and her undergraduate degree from the University of Florence. Her interest is in Modern Chinese History, with special focus on nation building and national identity, economic thought, and memory. Zanasi published Saving the Nation: Economic Modernity in Republican China (Chicago: Univeristy of Chicago Press) in 2006, and currently has a manuscript in preparation, "Minsheng ( ): Livelihood and Consumption in Modern China."



The conference — Law, Politics and Society in Republican China: Chinese and Western Perspectives in Comparison — will be held at the Institute of East Asian Studies – 2223 Fulton Street, 6th floor conference room

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