The Ancestral Landscape: Time, Space, and Community in Late Shang China (ca. 1200–1045 B.C.)

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Keightley, David N.
China Research Monograph 53
2000. 209 pp.
ISBN 1-55729-070-9
$15.00

This monograph presents insights of general historical and intellectual interest derived from the Shang Oracle Bone inscriptions from Anyang. These insights are integrated with an array of data from other fields of scholarship, including metereology, botany, zoology, astronomy, sociology, and archaeology. Keightley delivers well-reasoned opinions based on close scrutiny of the primary sources and then presents a stimulating synthesis of a wide variety of the evidence examined. The result is a lively and multifaceted picture of Shang realities.

Contents

Preface - vii
Citation and Transcription Conventions - xiii

1. Climate - 1

2. Agriculture - 9
Agricultural Schedule - 10
Pests and Diseases - 13

3. Time: Days, Nights, and Suns - 17
Day and Night - 19
Sun Cult - 25
The Shang Day - 29

4. Time: Calendrical Structures - 37
The Sixty-Day Cycle - 37
The Xun 旬 Week - 39
The Lunation - 43
The Five-Ritual Cycle - 47
The Numbered Si 祀 Ritual Cycle - 50

5. Space: Center and Periphery - 55
The Capital or Cult Center - 56
Tu 土: The Four Lands - 61
Fang 方 Areas and Powers - 66
Wu Powers - 72
Goings Out and Comings In - 74

6. Space: Cosmos and Orientation - 81
Orientation - 82
Cardinal Directions: The Land - 86
Cardinal Directions: The Weather - 91
Divination Bones as World Maps - 93

7. Community: The Land and Its Inhabitants - 97
The Royal Community - 98
Other Communities - 103
Men, Animals, and Landscape - 107
Powers on the Land - 113

8. Cosmologies and Legacies: The "Winds" of Shang - 121

Figures - 131
Tables - 143
Key to the Inscriptions Translated, by Reference Number - 147
Index to the Inscriptions Translated - 153
Bibliography A: Abbreviations for the Oracle-Bone Collections and Reference Works Cited - 159
Bibliography B: Other Works Cited - 163
Index - 201


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