Trial and Error in Modernist Reforms: Korean Buddhism under Colonial Rule

Book Cover


Park, Pori
Korea Research Monograph 34
2009. 158 pp.
ISBN 1-55729-094-6

After the anti-Buddhist policies of the Choson, under Japanese occupation Korean Buddhists had an opportunity to revive their religion. This era's modernist reforms underwent trial and error through the negotiation of such issues as the secularization of clerics and the colonial regime's control over the sangha with the Temple Ordinance. The book also examines the influence of Christianity and Japanese Buddhism, as well as several key reformers.

Professor Park received her Ph.D. in East Asian Languages and Cultures from UCLA and is currently Assistant Professor of Religious Studies at Arizona State University.


Acknowledgments — vii

Introduction — 1

1. Rebound: From Oppression to Emulation of New Models — 14

2. Caught In-Between: Korean Reactions to Japanese Buddhism and Colonial Policies on Buddhism — 34

3. Modernizing Buddhism: Buddhist Reforms before the March First Movement — 48

4. Confusion, Compromise, and Resistance: Buddhist Reforms after the March First Movement — 69

5. A Vision for Social Salvation: Han Yongun's Integration of Sŏn and Kyo — 94

Epilogue — 118

Appendix 1: Major Events in Modern Korean Buddhism and Chronology of Han Yongun's Life — 126

Appendix 2: Table of Contents of the Treatise on the Reformation of Korean Buddhism (Chosŏn Pulgyo yusillon) — 130

Appendix 3A: Table of Contents of the Great Texts of Buddhism (Pulgyo taejŏn) — 131

Appendix 3B: Table of Contents of the Holy Texts of Buddhism (Bukkyŏ seiten) — 134

Bibliography — 136

Glossary-Index — 148

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